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 TCC problems and missing 4th gear

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jenkkijussi
Amateur


Name : Johannes
Location : Finland
Joined : 2008-10-19
Post Count : 28
Merit : 0

PostSubject: TCC problems and missing 4th gear   Sun Mar 10, 2019 1:07 pm

Hello,

I have a -95 Buick Riviera SC that ocassionally refuses to use the 4th gear. When this happens there is a P0740 torque converter clutch (TCC) failure code present. Shutting down the engine usually fixes the problem, but it comes back again. If I understand correctly the active code disables the 4th gear?

Could this be just some solenoid problem or something else? Are the solenoids hard to replace? Can it be done without removing engine and/or transmission?

Best regards
Jussi from Finland
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albertj
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albertj

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Location : Finger Lakes of New York State
Joined : 2007-05-31
Post Count : 7160
Merit : 137

PostSubject: Re: TCC problems and missing 4th gear   Mon Mar 11, 2019 6:21 pm

It sounds like your solenoid is failing closed. When it fails open, the engine is locked to the transmission. There is no transmission slip. With transmission unable to slip, the engine will stall when the car stops. When it fails closed, it won't lock up but it still can operate more or less normally, just worse gas mileage.

Things you can do quickly:

- check the wiring to the transmission, at the connector on the transmission, for a conductor broken inside the insulation. This is unlikely BUT can happen depending on various things and it is not a waste of time to check.
- if you can, swap in a known good PCM. This is time consuming. But one cause of a flaky TCC is the PCM is sending it faulty signals.
- check transmission fluid quality and levels; fluid should be *cherry red* and not smell burnt at all.
If any burnt aroma or if it is brownish at all, change it and consider changing to Dexron VI (never switch back if you do that - put a sticker on the radiator support). IF your transmission has never been open do not be surprised to find frass (little metal granules) in the pan and filter (if you cut it open).

- check https://www.facebook.com/ATSGcompany/posts/4t60e4t65etorque-converter-clutch-stuck-offcomplaintafter-overhaul-of-a-4t65e-th/346666345433103/ for more insights
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